Evaluation report on Awareness of Party members and Cadres

The directive 52-CT/TW expresses timely attention and direction of the Party and the State in response to HIV/AIDS epidemic. It does not only create an important political foundation for developing legal documents of HIV/AIDS prevention and control but also create a foundation for community mobilization in the response to HIV/AIDS prevention and control. The evaluation of the achievements made from nine-year implementation of the Directive as well as identification of obstacles and causes in order to draw lessons learnt are very necessary. This research was implemented in December, 2004

This independent survey was conducted to: 1) to evaluate awareness of the Party units and authority on the Directive, 2) to assess leaderships and direction of party members and authority in the implementation of the Directive at different levels across Vietnam;  and  3) to analyze the comments from Party members and propose measures for the time to come.

In order to achieve the objectives, the study employed a set of tools with the combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods, including: 1) reviewing of existing documents and reports from the Party and State regarding HIV/AIDS prevention and control; 2) a mailing questionnaire regarding the implementation of the Directive # 52 sent to Party Department of Communication and Education at 64 provinces and cities; and 3) a semi structured questionnaire and in-depth interview to assess knowledge, attitudes towards HIV/AIDS prevention and control and the implementation of the Directive # 52 by the Party units and authority at different levels in Quang Ninh and Khanh Hoa provinces.    

After the birth of the directive, Party organizations, local authorities have issued the guidance for study, dissemination for the implementation of the directive under various forms and at every Party unit. It is responded and supported actively by many Party members and people. The directive No. 52 went into life and maximized the positive effectiveness in direction for HIV/AIDS prevention and control in Vietnam over past years. Awareness on the roles and responsibilities of the Party units and local authorities on HIV/AIDS prevention and control were considerable facilitated.

However, results of the study also revealed many limitations in the dissemination, direction and implementation of the content of the directive No. 52 and the expected outcomes was not achieved yet. Many localities did not pay an enough attention for HIV/AIDS prevention and control. Limitations during the disseminating activities leaded to confusion and unification in planning for HIV/AIDS prevention and control by local authorities. Direction for Party organizations and local authorities for the implementation of the directive was not on regular and thorough basis. Health communication and education activities showed limitations on orientation, methods, modes and quality. Investment for budget and development of human resources was still limited in compared with the requirement. The supervision, monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the directive were not done on a regular basis.

This is considered sensitive issue which requires a caution and a science sense in compared with other researches. The time and funds given to this research is very limited. The assessment of knowledge and behaviors was bias in some extents since the localities partly prepared in advance for the respond to interviews. Not completed questionnaires replying also caused difficulties in analysis the data.

In order to overcome the limitations, a new directive should be promulgated with full contents on HIV/AIDS prevention and control, and being suitable to respond to the HIV/AIDS epidemic at present and in the future. But, most importantly, there should have closely collaboration and the unity among units and branches in implementing as well as effectively using resources, especially the mobilization of strength of the whole community in participating to fight HIV/AIDS epidemic.

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